Evidence is crucial to academic writing. Every statement presented as fact should be substantiated with a citation, and citations are given in full as references (for a journal article, typically author(s), year of publication, article title, journal name, volume and issue numbers, and page numbers) after your final thesis chapter or article section. Some people provide a bibliography (most often in a thesis) containing references for everything relevant and useful they read during their research, including everything actually cited, while others give a list of references, which should only contain references for material cited in the manuscript. The latter is far more common, and universally required outside the social sciences and humanities.
Dr Campbell Aitken PhD BSc
Express Editing Writing and Research
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